Stock markets have retreated again over worries of further US interest rate rises after the Federal Reserve defied Donald Trump to increase rates for the fourth time this year.

The EU has confirmed it is “actively investigating” a potential breach of its diplomatic communications network, following reports that secret cables had been stolen by hackers.

The Bank of England has welcomed a “crucial and positive” move by the EU to help keep a key part of the financial system functioning in the event of a “no-deal” Brexit.

A handful of banks will be forced to write multimillion pound cheques to buy shares in the construction giant Kier Group after some of its biggest investors snubbed the chance to take part in a £250m fundraising.

GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) is to merge its consumer healthcare unit with that of rival Pfizer, to create a new market leader with almost £10bn in annual sales.


Santander has been fined more than £30m for “serious failings” in processing the accounts of dead customers, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) says.


Amazon’s cloud unit enters the AI chip market

Amazon's cloud unit enters the AI chip market

Amazon Web Services stated at its AWS Re:Invent user conference in Las Vegas that its new Inferentia chips will provide A.I. researchers “high performance at low cost.”

Amazon’s cloud business is developing its own computer chips for artificial intelligence projects. This was the latest example of a giant provider of cloud services building next-generation processors.

Among public cloud services providers, Amazon is following Google into the chip market. Google had announced its first Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) in 2016. Alibaba in China had also announced an AI chip.

AWS is by far the leader in public cloud infrastructure, which companies can rely on to remotely run software and store data. Microsoft, Google, IBM are in competition with AWS for business as companies move their workloads from traditional data centers to the cloud. The Inferentia chips will become available in late 2019. Like with other AWS services, customers will be able to pay based on how much they use.

Commonly, there are two phases in AI– training models by feeding them lots of data, and then showing them new data that they can then use to run predictions. Since 2016, Google has introduced new TPU chips that compete with Nvidia for training AI models. Inferentia is focused only on inference for now.

Amazon stated that some inference workloads require an entire graphics processing unit, which is expensive. “Solving this challenge at low cost requires a dedicated inference chip,” said the company.

Earlier this week AWS announced ARM-based chips that represent an alternative to traditional computing processors from chipmakers like Intel. Those are more focused on low-cost, energy-efficient computing workloads. The new Inferentia silicon is specialized for AI.

AWS said customers will be able to use Inferentia with TensorFlow AI software (created by Google), as well as other AI frameworks like PyTorch and the ONNX format for converting models.

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